How Can We Protect Ourselves From Infectious Diseases?

What are the ways to treat an infectious disease?

How are infectious diseases treated?If bacteria cause a disease, treatment with antibiotics usually kills the bacteria and ends the infection.Viral infections are usually treated with supportive therapies, like rest and increased fluid intake.More items…•.

What disease has no cure?

Top 10 Mysterious DiseasesMysterious diseases. There are many sicknesses doctors can cure with the swish of a pen across prescription pad. … AIDS. Twenty-five years since it was first identified, there is still no cure for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. … Alzheimer’s Disease. … The Common Cold. … Avian Flu. … Pica. … Autoimmune Disorders. … Schizophrenia.More items…•

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

How do we prevent bacteria?

Prevent infections. You can prevent infections through simple tactics, such as washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, cleaning surfaces that are touched often, avoiding contaminated food and water, getting vaccinations, and taking appropriate medications. Hand-washing.

How can we prevent animal diseases?

Animal diseases pose a risk to public health and cause damage to businesses and the economy at large. Farmers and the government therefore take every precaution to prevent these diseases, such as keeping animal housing clean and vaccinating livestock.

How can we prevent ourselves from infectious diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What is needed to protect the body from infection?

Natural barriers and the immune system defend the body against organisms that can cause infection. (See also Lines of Defense.) Natural barriers include the skin, mucous membranes, tears, earwax, mucus, and stomach acid. Also, the normal flow of urine washes out microorganisms that enter the urinary tract.

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Here are the 5 Rules of Thumb that if maintained can actually prevent and cut down the risk of acquiring any lifestyle disease : Diet (less carbohydrate, more protein, less oil) : … Regular exercise: … Abstain from Substance Abuse: … Control weight: … Control Blood Pressure and Sugar:

How can we prevent disease?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What are the common lifestyle diseases?

Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke; obesity and type 2 diabetes; and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse. Regular physical activity helps prevent obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, colon cancer, and premature mortality.

What are 3 ways to reduce possible spread of infection?

Ways you can reduce or slow the spread of infections include:Get the appropriate vaccine.Wash your hands frequently.Practice physical distancing (staying more than 2 metres (6 feet) apart).Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread the illness to other people).More items…

Are infectious diseases curable?

Many human illnesses are caused by infection with either bacteria or viruses. Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

How does the immune system protect against infection?

The immune system protects the body from possibly harmful substances by recognizing and responding to antigens. Antigens are substances (usually proteins) on the surface of cells, viruses, fungi, or bacteria.

What is a poor lifestyle?

It is defined as a lifestyle where a person engages in activities that are detrimental to health; whether it’s skipping breakfast or eating too much or too fast, drinking a little too much or spending too many hours planted in front of the TV, smoking, not exercising, eating unhealthy foods, and not maintaining a …

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

Why should we prevent disease?

Taking care of yourself prevents health problems and saves money by reducing the number of office visits and medications you need. Self-care reduces the heavy costs of healthcare associated with disease.

What are the top 10 lifestyle diseases?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus. … Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. … Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases. … Tuberculosis. … Cirrhosis.More items…

How can I strengthen my immune system?

Here are 9 tips to strengthen your immunity naturally.Get enough sleep. Sleep and immunity are closely tied. … Eat more whole plant foods. … Eat more healthy fats. … Eat more fermented foods or take a probiotic supplement. … Limit added sugars. … Engage in moderate exercise. … Stay hydrated. … Manage your stress levels.More items…•