What is the main cause of leprosy?
Hansen’s disease (also known as leprosy) is an infection caused by slow-growing bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae.
It can affect the nerves, skin, eyes, and lining of the nose (nasal mucosa).
With early diagnosis and treatment, the disease can be cured..
How is leprosy prevented?
The best way to prevent the spread of leprosy is the early diagnosis and treatment of people who are infected. For household contacts, immediate and annual examinations are recommended for at least five years after last contact with a person who is infectious.
Can leprosy be cured completely?
Leprosy is curable with multidrug therapy (MDT). Leprosy is likely transmitted via droplets, from the nose and mouth, during close and frequent contact with untreated cases. Untreated, leprosy can cause progressive and permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs, and eyes.
How long can you live with leprosy?
Leprosy symptoms may begin within one year, but for some people symptoms may take 20 years or more to occur….LeprosyCausesMycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosisRisk factorsClose contact with a case of leprosy, living in povertyTreatmentMultidrug therapy8 more rows
What kills leprosy?
Hansen’s disease is treated with a combination of antibiotics. Typically, 2 or 3 antibiotics are used at the same time. These are dapsone with rifampicin, and clofazimine is added for some types of the disease. This is called multidrug therapy.
Can leprosy be transmitted by touch?
The route of transmission has not been definitively established, although human-to-human aerosol spread of nasal secretions is thought to be the most likely mode of transmission in most cases. Leprosy is not spread by touch, since the mycobacteria are incapable of crossing intact skin.