Quick Answer: How Does Hydrogen Sulfide Affect The Body?

How does hydrogen sulfide kill you?

H2S is a very toxic gas.

It has no colour, but it smells like rotten eggs.

The gas can irritate the eyes, nose, throat, and lungs.

Too much H2S can halt the breathing centre in the brain, which can cause death..

What are the symptoms of h2s exposure?

Prolonged exposure may cause nausea, tearing of the eyes, headaches or loss of sleep. Airway problems (bronchial constriction) in some asthma patients. Possible fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, irritability, poor memory, dizziness. Slight conjunctivitis (“gas eye”) and respiratory tract irritation after 1 hour.

What happens if you breathe in hydrogen sulfide?

Symptoms of acute exposure include nausea, headaches, delirium, disturbed equilibrium, tremors, convulsions, and skin and eye irritation. Inhalation of high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide can produce extremely rapid unconsciousness and death. Exposure to the liquified gas can cause frostbite injury.

How long does hydrogen sulfide stay in your system?

Hydrogen sulfide air concentrations from natural sources range between 0.00011 and 0.00033 ppm. In urban areas, the air concentrations are generally less than 0.001 ppm. Hydrogen sulfide remains in the atmosphere for approximately 1–42 days, depending on the season.

Can you smell hydrogen sulfide?

People can smell the “rotten egg” odor of hydrogen sulfide at low concentrations in air. However, with continuous low-level expo- sure, or at high concentrations, a person loses his/her ability to smell the gas even though it is still present (olfactory fatigue).

What should you do if you are exposed to hydrogen sulfide?

Respiratory protection is recommended when entering an H2S environment, as is a safety line, because of the very rapid toxic effects of the gas. There are no proven antidotes to H2S gas poisoning, but side-effects and symptoms can be treated or managed. In serious cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

How do you remove hydrogen sulfide from air?

TREATMENT OPTION: AERATION Because hydrogen sulfide gas escapes rapidly from water to cause an odor, it may also be removed from the water by aeration. The process includes bubbling air through the water tank, then separating or “stripping” the hydrogen sulfide in the air by venting it to the outdoors.

Is hydrogen sulfide harmful to humans?

No health effects have been found in humans exposed to typical environmental concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (0.00011-0.00033 parts per million [ppm]). Exposure to low concentrations of hydrogen sulfide may cause irritation to the eyes, nose, or throat. It may also cause difficulty in breathing for some asthmatics.

How do you neutralize hydrogen sulfide gas?

When dealing with a hydrogen sulfide gas leak, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration recommends using water to spray down the gas, then adding sodium bicarbonate to neutralize it.

How does the body get rid of hydrogen sulfide?

SQR oxidizes hydrogen sulfide by removing electrons from it and dumping them into coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a compound that’s naturally present in the body. (Some people take CoQ10 as a dietary supplement, though studies are currently inconclusive as to whether it’s effective at preventing or treating disease.)

Is hydrogen sulfide safe to drink?

However, it is highly unlikely that a person could consume a harmful dose of hydrogen sulfide from drinking water because water becomes unpalatable due to its unpleasant taste and odor long before hydrogen sulfide reaches a harmful level. In well water, it is usually just a nuisance.

Can hydrogen sulfide make you sick?

At low levels, hydrogen sulfide gas has a strong odor similar to rotten eggs. … However, at higher levels, your nose can become overwhelmed by the gas and you cannot smell it. At higher levels, hydrogen sulfide gas can make you sick and could be fatal.