Quick Answer: What Happens If The Latent Period For An Infection Is Longer Than The Incubation Period?

What virus has the longest incubation period?

Examples for diseases in humansDiseasebetweenperiodEbola1daysErythema infectiosum (Fifth disease)13daysGiardia3daysHIV2weeks to months, or longer28 more rows.

What is a Fomite * 5 points?

A fomite (/ˈfoʊmaɪt/) or fomes (/ˈfoʊmiːz/) is any inanimate object that, when contaminated with or exposed to infectious agents (such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses or fungi), can transfer disease to a new host.

Why do viruses have incubation periods?

The infection of multiple cells in the body and subsequent replication of the virus takes time. While the virus remains at low levels, it can neither be detected nor transmitted. This is why this time is known as the virus’ incubation period.

Is a mosquito a Fomite?

Likewise, the dust particles containing infectious cold virus that remain after droplets of infected saliva are coughed into the air are fomites. Not to be confused with a vector, which is an organism that transmits the infection (as in mosquitoes transmit malaria parasites).

What is the most common way for a virus to kill a cell?

Most viral infections eventually result in the death of the host cell. The causes of death include cell lysis, alterations to the cell’s surface membrane and various modes of programmed cell death.

Are all virus contagious?

Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that get into the body and cause problems. Some — but not all — infectious diseases spread directly from one person to another. Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious.

How do viruses make you feel ill?

Viruses make us sick by killing cells or disrupting cell function. Our bodies often respond with fever (heat inactivates many viruses), with the secretion of a chemical called interferon (which blocks viruses from reproducing), or by marshaling the immune system’s antibodies and other cells to target the invader.

How do incubation periods differ from latent periods?

This stage of subclinical disease, extending from the time of exposure to onset of disease symptoms, is usually called the incubation period for infectious diseases, and the latency period for chronic diseases. During this stage, disease is said to be asymptomatic (no symptoms) or inapparent.

Is Fomite a disease carrier?

A fomite refers to inanimate objects that can carry and spread disease and infectious agents.

What is the contagious period called?

Communicability: Period of communicability is the time during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly from an infected person to another person, from an infected animal to humans, or from an infected person to animals. Also known as the ‘infectious period’.

What is the incubation period for common cold?

After an incubation period of 24 to 72 hours, cold symptoms begin with a scratchy or sore throat, followed by sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and malaise. Temperature is usually normal, particularly when the pathogen is a rhinovirus or coronavirus.

What is an example of Fomite?

Fomites are inanimate objects that can become contaminated with infectious agents and serve as a mechanism for transfer between hosts. The classic example of a fomite is a park water fountain from which many people drink. Infectious agents deposited by one person can potentially be transmitted to a subsequent drinker.

Are viruses contagious during incubation period?

You’re contagious before you have symptoms — during the incubation period, when the virus enters your system. And just because you feel better doesn’t mean those around you are safe. In fact, you’re still contagious after symptoms subside, carrying a bacterial or viral infection that can spread to others.

How do you know if you have a virus in your body?

Often, a person will experience symptoms that may include a runny nose, coughing, nausea, fatigue, and body aches. While not every person experiences a fever when they have a virus, a fever can be a sign that the body is trying to fight off the infection.

What does the incubation period of a disease mean?

The incubation period is the time from exposure to the causative agent until the first symptoms develop and is characteristic for each disease agent.

What does long latency period mean?

Listen to pronunciation. (LAY-ten-see PEER-ee-ud) The time that passes between being exposed to something that can cause disease (such as radiation or a virus) and having symptoms.

What is the contagious period of a disease?

The contagious period is the amount of time during which a sick child can give the disease to others. For major illnesses (such as hepatitis), a child will need to stay at home or in the hospital until all chance of spread has passed. For minor illnesses (like the common cold) the guidelines are less strict.

What is the incubation period for influenza?

The incubation period of influenza is usually two days but can range from one to four days. What are the symptoms of influenza? Typical influenza disease is characterized by sudden onset of fever, aching muscles, sore throat, and non- productive cough.