Quick Answer: What Is The Main Purpose Of Epidemiology?

What is the main purpose of epidemiologic surveillance?

The purpose of public health surveillance, which is sometimes called “information for action,” (18) is to portray the ongoing patterns of disease occurrence and disease potential so that investigation, control, and prevention measures can be applied efficiently and effectively..

What is the purpose of epidemiological data?

Measures the progress of control and prevention programs. Enables generation of testable hypotheses regarding the etiology, exposure mode, control measure effectiveness, and other aspects of the health problem. Helps validate the eventual incrimination of causes or risk factors.

What is the main purpose of epidemiologic surveillance quizlet?

To collect data on the number of patients with a disease so that the medical system will be prepared to handle them.

What are the 5 steps of surveillance?

But surveillance involves carrying out many integrated steps by many people:Reporting. Someone has to record the data. … Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. … Data analysis. … Judgment and action.

What is Diseases Surveillance?

Disease surveillance is an information-based activity involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of large volumes of data originating from a variety of sources. The information collated is then used in a number of ways to. Evaluate the effectiveness of control and preventative health measures.

What are the 5 W’s of epidemiology?

The difference is that epidemiologists tend to use synonyms for the 5 W’s: diagnosis or health event (what), person (who), place (where), time (when), and causes, risk factors, and modes of transmission (why/how).

How do you know you are under surveillance?

People tend not to pay much attention to others when they’re out and about. If the person you suspect is following you reacts quickly and changes their direction, this could indicate that you’re under surveillance.

What are the activities in surveillance?

An effective surveillance system has the following functions: detection and notification of health events. collection and consolidation of pertinent data. investigation and confirmation (epidemiological, clinical and/or laboratory) of cases or outbreaks.

What are the two types of epidemiology?

Epidemiologic studies fall into two categories: experimental and observational.

What is an example of epidemiology?

Epidemiological studies measure the risk of illness or death in an exposed population compared to that risk in an identical, unexposed population (for example, a population the same age, sex, race and social status as the exposed population).

What is the best definition for epidemiology?

By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events (not just diseases) in specified populations (neighborhood, school, city, state, country, global).