Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Is Largest Virus?

Is virus the simplest living organism?

Because they were clearly biological themselves and could be spread from one victim to another with obvious biological effects, viruses were then thought to be the simplest of all living, gene-bearing life-forms.

By that description, a virus seems more like a chemistry set than an organism..

What kills viruses in the human body?

A special hormone called interferon is produced by the body when viruses are present, and this stops the viruses from reproducing by killing the infected cells and their close neighbours. Inside cells, there are enzymes that destroy the RNA of viruses. This is called RNA interference.

What was the first virus to describe?

Tobacco mosaic virusAbstract. Two scientists contributed to the discovery of the first virus, Tobacco mosaic virus. Ivanoski reported in 1892 that extracts from infected leaves were still infectious after filtration through a Chamberland filter-candle. Bacteria are retained by such filters, a new world was discovered: filterable pathogens …

Can any virus infect any cell?

A virus is a packet of protein encapsulated DNA or RNA that MUST infect a cell to make more viruses. Tropism: A cell must have a specific protein(s) in order for a virus to get inside the cell. Not all Viruses are able to infect the same cells. Not all cells can be infected within an organism.

What is the simplest virus?

The entire infectious virus particle, called a virion, consists of the nucleic acid and an outer shell of protein. The simplest viruses contain only enough RNA or DNA to encode four proteins. The most complex can encode 100 – 200 proteins.

Which is the world’s smallest cell?

MycoplasmaThe smallest cell is Mycoplasma (PPLO-Pleuro pneumonia like organims). It is about 10 micrometer in size. The largest cells is an egg cell of ostrich.

What viruses live in humans?

It has been estimated that there are over 380 trillion viruses inhabiting us, a community collectively known as the human virome. But these viruses are not the dangerous ones you commonly hear about, like those that cause the flu or the common cold, or more sinister infections like Ebola or dengue.

What are the most common viruses found in humans?

Here are some of common viruses in our region:Human papillomavirus (HPV) … Measles virus. … Mumps virus. … Parvovirus. … Poliovirus. … Rabies virus. … Rotavirus. This virus is transmitted via the faecal-oral route. … Rubella virus. This virus is transmitted through contact with droplets from an infected person when they cough or sneeze.More items…•

Which is the largest virus?

MimivirusMimivirus is the largest and most complex virus known.

Which of the following is the largest virus *?

MimivirusThe biggest known viruses are Mimivirus (750 nanometer capsid, 1.2 million base pair DNA) and Megavirus (680 nanometer capsid, 1.3 million base pair DNA).

Which of the following is the smallest virus?

The smallest viruses in terms of genome size are single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses. Perhaps the most famous is the bacteriophage Phi-X174 with a genome size of 5386 nucleotides.

Here are the top ten notorious computer viruses of all time.Morris Worm. Let us start our journey with Morris Worm or the “Great Worm”, which is believed to be the pioneer among computer worms distributed through the internet. … Nimda. … ILOVEYOU. … SQL Slammer. … Stuxnet. … CryptoLocker. … Conficker. … Tinba.More items…•

What is the most important factor for virus classification?

Viruses are mainly classified by phenotypic characteristics, such as morphology, nucleic acid type, mode of replication, host organisms, and the type of disease they cause.

Do we carry viruses in our bodies?

Many latent and asymptomatic viruses are present in the human body all the time. Viruses infect all life forms; therefore the bacterial, plant, and animal cells and material in our gut also carry viruses. When viruses cause harm by infecting the cells in the body, a symptomatic disease may develop.

What is the capsid of a virus?

Viral capsids are the protein cage derived from the protein shell of a virus, and can have different shapes, sizes, and protein subunits, depending on the virus type [101].