Quick Answer: Why Does Pakistan Still Have Polio?

Why polio is not eradicated in Pakistan?

Pakistan is considered as the exporter of Wild Polio Virus (WPV) with highest number of polio outbreaks among endemic countries.

The misconception of people about polio vaccine, insecurity within the country and poor health system are the reasons of failure of polio eradication campaigns in these regions..

When did they find a cure for polio?

On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.

How long did it take to eliminate polio?

Thanks to the polio vaccine, dedicated health care professionals, and parents who vaccinate their children on schedule, polio has been eliminated in this country for more than 30 years. This means that there is no year-round transmission of poliovirus in the United States.

Which country eradicated polio first?

Until polio is completely eradicated, all countries remain at risk of imported WPV, as has happened in a number of countries….Country – Year.AfghanistanBurundiDominicaHondurasLibyan Arab JamahiriyaNigeriaSaint LuciaTurkey1970199853 more columns

How did people get polio?

Poliovirus can be transmitted through direct contact with someone infected with the virus or, less commonly, through contaminated food and water. People carrying the poliovirus can spread the virus for weeks in their feces. People who have the virus but don’t have symptoms can pass the virus to others.

Why is polio still a problem in some nations?

Polio is a disease that has lifelong health consequences for those infected. The poliovirus is of particular concern to public health because it spreads easily – it can circulate without causing symptoms for weeks, and so can travel great distances, entering polio-free areas by land, sea or air travel.

What caused polio outbreak in the 50’s?

No one knew how polio was transmitted or what caused it. There were wild theories that the virus spread from imported bananas or stray cats. There was no known cure or vaccine. For the next four decades, swimming pools and movie theaters closed during polio season for fear of this invisible enemy.

How many polio cases are there in Pakistan 2020?

Polio this week in Pakistan There are 84 WPV1 cases reported in 2020 while the total number of cases reported in 2019 cases remains 147. Seven WPV1 positive environmental samples were reported; two in Sindh, four in Punjab and one Khyber Pakhtoon.

WHO declares Africa free of polio?

On 25 August 2020, the Africa Regional Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication declared the African region polio-free. Polio is a serious disease and can lead to lifetime of paralysis or even death. A global initiative was started in 1988 with the aim of eradicating the spread of wild poliovirus.

Is polio still a threat?

Today, the disease is 99.9% eradicated thanks to tireless global efforts, but without total elimination it continues to be a threat in the world’s most vulnerable regions. In fact, in 2019 we saw concerning increases in polio outbreaks, with cases reported from some countries that hadn’t seen cases for decades.

What countries still have polio outbreaks?

Only three polio-endemic countries (countries that have never interrupted the transmission of wild poliovirus) remain—Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

Does polio still exist 2020?

Polio does still exist, although polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated more than 350 000 cases to 22 reported cases in 2017. This reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.

What stopped polio?

Several key strategies have been outlined for stopping polio transmission: High infant immunization coverage with four doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first year of life in developing and endemic countries, and routine immunization with OPV and/or IPV elsewhere.

When did the polio disease start?

1894, first outbreak of polio in epidemic form in the U.S. occurs in Vermont, with 132 cases.

Which countries are not polio free?

Polio, a disease that mainly affects children under five years of age, sometimes causing irreversible paralysis or death, is now only endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

What animal did polio come from?

The discovery by Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper in 1908 that polio was caused by a virus, a discovery made by inoculating macaque monkeys with an extract of nervous tissue from polio victims that was shown to be free of other infectious agents.

Why does Nigeria still have polio?

Nigeria has officially wiped out wild polio. It is three years since it had a case caused by the natural polio virus, a heartening milestone for a country that nearly derailed the global drive to eradicate the disease after some regions banned vaccination in 2003.