What Are The Stages Of Retinopathy?

What does a person with diabetic retinopathy see?

Diabetic retinopathy is blood vessel damage in the retina that happens as a result of diabetes.

Diabetic retinopathy can cause a range of symptoms, including blurred vision, difficulty seeing colors, and eye floaters..

How can you tell if diabetes is affecting your eyes?

Besides blurry vision, you may also experience spots or floaters, or have trouble with night vision. You might also have blurry vision if you’re developing cataracts. People with diabetes tend to develop cataracts at a younger age than other adults. Cataracts cause the lens of your eyes to become cloudy.

How long does it take for diabetic retinopathy to progress?

Although retinopathy usually does not appear for approximately five years after a type 1 diabetes diagnosis, it may already be present when type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. After 15 years of having diabetes, 98 percent of those with type 1 diabetes and 78 percent of those with type 2 have some degree of retinal damage.

What are the five stages of diabetes?

Five Stages of Evolving Beta-Cell Dysfunction During Progression to DiabetesAbstract. … STAGE 1: COMPENSATION. … STAGE 2: STABLE ADAPTATION. … STAGE 3: UNSTABLE EARLY DECOMPENSATION. … STAGE 4: STABLE DECOMPENSATION. … STAGE 5: SEVERE DECOMPENSATION. … SUMMARY. … Acknowledgments.More items…

How fast does retinopathy progress?

After converting to insulin, of those who developed or already had retinopathy, 60% progressed in the first year, 20 % the second, as shown.

Does retinopathy go away?

Hypertensive retinopathy — Lowering blood pressure often can stop ongoing damage to the retina. However, some existing damage can persist. Central serous retinopathy — Most cases go away without any treatment within three to four months.

Can metformin cause eye problems?

Metformin May Help Prevent Eye Disease in People With Type 2 Diabetes. The drug, which helps stabilize blood sugar levels, helped people with diabetes lower their chances of developing age-related macular degeneration, a leading cause of vision loss.

How do most diabetics die?

1. Diabetes isn’t a serious disease. Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease. In fact, two out of three people with diabetes will die from cardiovascular-related episodes, such as a heart attack or stroke.

How can I reverse diabetic retinopathy?

Treatment. Treatments for diabetic retinopathy include: Anti-VEGF injection therapy. Drugs that block vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a protein that makes abnormal blood vessels grow in your eye, can reverse the blood vessel growths and lower fluid buildup in your retina.

What is end stage diabetes?

If your loved one has end-stage diabetes, it’s vital that you stay alert for cues that could indicate a worsening of their condition. Look for these signs of high blood sugar: Excessive thirst and increased urination. Unusual infections. Unexpected feelings of tiredness.

What are the four stages of diabetic retinopathy?

When these blood vessels thicken, they can develop leaks, which can then lead to vision loss. The four stages of diabetic retinopathy are classified as mild, moderate, and severe nonproliferative and proliferative.

What is the first stage of diabetic retinopathy?

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, the walls of the blood vessels in your retina weaken. Tiny bulges protrude from the vessel walls, sometimes leaking or oozing fluid and blood into the retina. Nerve fibers in the retina may swell, producing white spots in the retina.

What is the best treatment for diabetic retinopathy?

Advanced diabetic retinopathyPhotocoagulation. This laser treatment, also known as focal laser treatment, can stop or slow the leakage of blood and fluid in the eye. … Panretinal photocoagulation. … Vitrectomy. … Injecting medicine into the eye.

What is the treatment for hypertensive retinopathy?

Your doctor may prescribe blood pressure medications such as diuretics, beta blockers, or ACE inhibitors. You can control this condition by controlling your blood pressure. If your condition is severe, however, you may have irreversible eye damage that causes permanent vision problems.

What type of retinopathy is the earliest stage?

Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, previously called background retinopathy, is the earliest stage of diabetic eye disease. Microscopic changes occur in the blood vessels of the eye in non-proliferative disease; however, the changes typically do not produce symptoms and are not visible to the naked eye.

How do you feel when your blood sugar is too HIgh?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:Increased thirst.Frequent urination.Fatigue.Nausea and vomiting.Shortness of breath.Stomach pain.Fruity breath odor.A very dry mouth.More items…•

Is diabetic retinopathy painful?

New vessels may bleed into the middle of the eye, cause scar tissue formation, pull on the retina, cause retinal detachment, or may cause high pressure and pain if the blood vessels grow on the iris, clogging the drainage system of the eye—all of this can cause vision loss.

Can diabetic eye problems be reversed?

Medicines called anti-VEGF drugs can slow down or reverse diabetic retinopathy. Other medicines, called corticosteroids, can also help. Laser treatment. To reduce swelling in your retina, eye doctors can use lasers to make the blood vessels shrink and stop leaking.